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Information Sections Latest News
Special Reports

Special Reports
by First Atlantic Commerce, Bermuda



A thorough reference file of up-to-date information compiled by our expert editors and arranged in easily accessible sections. The fact file covers taxation and regulation of offshore e-commerce, the facilities and services needed, and reviews the business sectors and functions which can make use of offshore e-commerce
- Taxation of Offshore E-commerce
- Regulation of Offshore E-commerce
- Offshore E-commerce Facilities
- Offshore Professional and Financial Services
- Offshore E-commerce Applications


The jurisdictions section of has in-depth analyses of e-commerce in three leading jurisdictions - Bermuda, Gibraltar and the Isle of Man - and has links to summaries of e-commerce development in 25 other offshore jurisdictions
- Jurisdictions Menu


The glossary explains the meaning of many abbreviations and technical terms met with in offshore e-commerce
- Full Glossary


No-one likes to pay too much tax, and the overall burden of tax in the world's larger business jurisdictions is heavy not just in itself, but also imposes substantial and worsening administrative burdens on a business. Regulation in general just gets more and more complex, in addition.
Prior to the Internet, there was little that most types of business could do to rduce tax and regulation, although individual owners were often able to go 'offshore' with the proceeds of their work, and increasingly did so as tax levels rose. Individual tax levels have fallen back to some extent, and in some countries, but the taxman has become more efficient, and the classical equation of working onshore and enjoying offshore becomes ever harder to sustain.

The Internet has changed the equation, and this site attempts to explain why and how almost all businesses can substantially reduce their tax bills and preserve wealth by taking advantage of offshore e-commerce. This section in particular offers practical help in choosing a jurisdiction and in setting up an offshore e-commerce operation.


Describes how to go about setting up an entry-level e-commerce retailing operation, in case you want to do it yourself.


Describes the criteria that should be applied to choosing an offshore jurisdiction.


Describes the criteria that should be taken into consideration when starting an offshore e-commerce operation.


There are so many variable factors in the situation of each company, including business sector, ownership structure, country of origin, size, capital structure and level of profitability, to name just some, that it is hardly possible to illustrate the principles of offshore e-commerce in any general way. Still, case studies can show typical sequences of steps needing to be taken when going offshore, even if the detail will be different in each case.

The six case studies in this section cover six of the more likely business situations in which offshore has a lot to offer; but the truth is that the Internet has made it possible for almost every business in a high-tax country to get advantage offshore.

For direct assistance with establishing an offshore e-commerce operation, see our E-commerce Business Guide.

- Electronic Products Business to Business Case Study
- Electronic Products Consumer Case Study
- Physical Products Business to Business Case Study
- Physical Products Consumer case Study
- Offshore Banking and Financial Services Case Study
- Offshore Corporate Functions Case Study


Special Features on E-Commerce in Guernsey & Ireland, Gibraltar & Dubai, and Mauritius and Netherlands Antilles are available in the Reports Library along with other previous Special Features.

EU, Japan Finalize Landmark Free Trade Deal, by Ulrika Lomas,, Brussels Monday, December 11, 2017
The EU's new free trade agreement with Japan, finalized by negotiators from both sides on December 8, 2017, has been described as the European bloc's most comprehensive yet. [ FULL STORY ]
EU Auditors Concerned By Customs Tax Loopholes, by Ulrika Lomas,, Brussels Friday, December 8, 2017
EU customs controls are not being applied effectively, an EU audit has found, with importers able to take advantage of loopholes to reduce or evade their duty liabilities. [ FULL STORY ]
ECOFIN Approves VAT Overhaul For Digital Economy, by Ulrika Lomas,, Brussels Tuesday, December 5, 2017
The European Commission has welcomed an agreement reached among EU finance ministers on the introduction of simpler and more efficient rules for businesses that sell goods online. [ FULL STORY ]
EU States To Work Together To Stamp Out VAT Fraud, by Ulrika Lomas,, Brussels Friday, December 1, 2017
On November 30 the European Commission released new tools intended to make the European Union's value-added tax system more resilient to fraud. [ FULL STORY ]
UK To Continue Pushing For Effective MNE Tax Rules, by Jason Gorringe,, London Monday, November 27, 2017
On November 22, the UK Government published for stakeholders' comments a position paper setting out its views on the challenges posed by the digital economy for the corporate tax system and its preferred solutions. [ FULL STORY ]
EU States Delay Approving Latest Digital VAT Reforms, by Ulrika Lomas,, Brussels Wednesday, November 8, 2017
EU finance ministers have failed to reach a political agreement on adopting plans on reforming value-added tax rules for e-commerce. [ FULL STORY ]
Luxembourg's Public Finances Sound, Despite VAT Revenue Plunge, by Ulrika Lomas,, Brussels Wednesday, November 1, 2017
The Luxembourg Government's Budget came close to balance in the first three quarters of 2017 as revenue growth outpaced spending, despite a continuing sharp fall in value-added tax revenues following the introduction of new place of supply rules in the European Union. [ FULL STORY ]
EU Consults On Taxing The Digital Economy, by Ulrika Lomas,, Brussels Friday, October 27, 2017
The European Commission has launched a consultation on policy solutions to the problems associated with taxing the digital economy. [ FULL STORY ]
OECD's Gurria Calls For Collective Action On Digital Taxation, by Ulrika Lomas,, Brussels Tuesday, October 17, 2017
OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurria has called for a collective effort on the design of temporary, short-term measures to tackle the international tax challenges of the digital economy. [ FULL STORY ]
Luxembourg Tax Ruling Quartered Amazon's Tax Bill: EU Commission, by Ulrika Lomas,, Brussels Wednesday, October 4, 2017
The European Commission has concluded that a tax ruling issued by Luxembourg in 2003, and prolonged in 2011, lowered the tax paid by Amazon in the country without any valid justification, and ordered the Government to recover around EUR250m (USD295m) in unpaid taxes from the retail behemoth. [ FULL STORY ]
Business Europe Rejects EU Digital Turnover Tax Proposal, by Lorys Charalambous,, Cyprus Tuesday, September 26, 2017
Markus J Beyrer, Director General of Business Europe, has expressed concerns about the proposed introduction of a European Union turnover tax on digital businesses. [ FULL STORY ]
China Plans New Free Zones For E-Commerce Activities, by Mary Swire,, Hong Kong Thursday, September 21, 2017
China plans to establish more new pilot zones in the nation aimed at supporting cross-border e-commerce platforms in particular. [ FULL STORY ]
Malaysia To Legislate To Slap GST On Foreign Retailers, by Mary Swire,, Hong Kong Thursday, September 21, 2017
Malaysian authorities are developing draft legislation to level the tax playing field between online retailers and domestic bricks and mortar retailers. [ FULL STORY ]
China, Chile Work Towards Enhanced Free Trade Agreement, by Mary Swire,, Hong Kong Wednesday, September 6, 2017
China and Chile recently held a third round of talks towards upgrading their free trade deal. [ FULL STORY ]
China, Norway Resume Free Trade Agreement Talks, by Mary Swire,, Hong Kong Tuesday, August 29, 2017
After a six-year diplomatic freeze, China and Norway have resumed talks towards a free trade agreement, with a ninth round of talks held in Beijing August 21-23. [ FULL STORY ]
Luxembourg's E-Commerce VAT Revenues Plunge, by Ulrika Lomas,, Brussels Friday, July 21, 2017
Value-added tax revenues from e-commerce activities in Luxembourg have declined sharply in the wake of European Union measures to reduce VAT competition in the EU. [ FULL STORY ]
ATO Says Compliance Rates High Among Larger Firms, by Mary Swire,, Hong Kong Thursday, July 6, 2017
The Australian Taxation Office estimates that the corporate tax gap for large businesses is around six percent, according to Commissioner Chris Jordan. [ FULL STORY ]
Google Not Liable For French Back Tax, Says Court Adviser, by Ulrika Lomas,, Brussels Friday, June 16, 2017
An adviser to an administrative court in France has said that Google is not liable for EUR1.1bn (USD1.2bn) in back taxes because the company lacks sufficient presence in the country. [ FULL STORY ]
EU, China Add To Customs Cooperation, by Ulrika Lomas,, Brussels Monday, June 5, 2017
The European Union and China have signed a Strategic Framework for Customs Cooperation for the years 2018-2020. [ FULL STORY ]
EU Parliament Signs Off On Cut-Rate VAT For E-books, by Ulrika Lomas,, Brussels Friday, June 2, 2017
The European Parliament on June 1 voted in favor of proposed changes to EU value-added tax law to introduce a reduced rate of VAT on e-books, to bring their treatment into line with that of printed matter. [ FULL STORY ]
Pakistan Budget Boosts Start-Ups, Tech Sector, by Mary Swire,, Hong Kong Thursday, June 1, 2017
Pakistan announced a number of tax changes in its 2017/18 Budget, delivered on May 26. [ FULL STORY ]
Russia Begins Levying Google Tax, by Tatiana Smolenskaya,, Moscow Monday, April 17, 2017
Over 100 foreign providers of electronically supplied goods and services to Russian consumers have registered to pay value-added tax on their supplies at 18 percent. [ FULL STORY ]
OECD Holds Global Forum On VAT, by Ulrika Lomas,, Brussels Monday, April 17, 2017
Approximately 300 participants, representing over 100 delegations from countries, jurisdictions, and international organizations gathered in Paris for the fourth meeting of the OECD Global Forum on VAT on April 12-14, 2017. [ FULL STORY ]
Australia To Pursue Seven MNEs Under New Anti-Avoidance Law, by Mary Swire,, Hong Kong Thursday, April 6, 2017
The Australian Government has announced that the tax office has assessed AUD2.9m (USD2.2m) in tax liabilities against a group of seven multinational companies. [ FULL STORY ]
EU, ASEAN Look To Restart Trade Talks, by Ulrika Lomas,, Brussels Tuesday, March 14, 2017
The EU and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations have agreed to take new steps toward resuming region-to-region trade talks. [ FULL STORY ]
Canada Counts Revenue Lost On E-Commerce Imports, by Mike Godfrey,, Washington Monday, March 6, 2017
The Canadian Government is losing up to CAD1.3bn (USD972m) in revenue a year through the incomplete collection of sales tax and import duty on e-commerce imports, according to a new report by Copenhagen Economics. [ FULL STORY ]
Canada Urged To 'Modernize' Internet Advertising Tax Rules, by Mike Godfrey,, Washington Tuesday, January 24, 2017
A new report by advocacy group Friends of Canadian Broadcasting calls on the Government to close a loophole it says allows the tax deductibility of advertising expenses for foreign internet-delivered media. [ FULL STORY ]
Google To Pay EUR280m In Back Taxes To Italy: Reports, By Ulrika Lomas,,Brussels Thursday, January 12, 2017
Google has agreed to pay up to EUR280m to settle corporate income tax said to be due to the Italian Revenue Agency, according to Italian media reports. [ FULL STORY ]
Amazon Collects Sales Tax In Four More US States, by Glen Shapiro,, New York Thursday, January 5, 2017
With Amazon agreeing to begin the collection of sales taxes on January 1 in four more US states – Iowa, Louisiana, Nebraska, and Utah – the online retailer is informing its customers that taxes are now charged on items shipped to 32 states. [ FULL STORY ]
Taiwan's VAT On Online Retailers Becomes Law, by Mary Swire,, Hong Kong Monday, January 2, 2017
On December 28, Taiwan's President Tsai Ing-wen signed into law the amendment to the Value-Added and Non-Value-Added Business Tax Act to impose tax on foreign online sellers' supplies to Taiwanese consumers. [ FULL STORY ]
  Expat Briefing
  Global Incorpoation Guide [GIG]

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